Table 1: Depiction of the Academic Motivation Scale

Measurement Phrase used to rate Meaning/Purpose for Education
Intrinsic motivation
- to know
  • Because I experience pleasure and satisfaction while learning new things.
  • For the pleasure I experience when I discover new things never seen before.
  • For the pleasure that I experience in broadening my knowledge about subjects which appeal to me.
  • Because my studies allow me to continue to learn about many things that interest me.

Behaviors are initiated through the students own volition for the purpose of their own satisfaction of learning.

Intrinsic motivation
- toward accomplishment

  • For the pleasure I experience while surpassing myself in my studies.
  • For the pleasure that I experience while I am surpassing myself in one of my personal accomplishments.
  • For the satisfaction I feel when I am in the process of accomplishing difficult academic activities.
  • Because college allows me to experience a personal satisfaction in my quest for excellence in my studies.

Behaviors are initiated through the students own volition for the purpose of their own satisfaction of accomplishing.

Intrinsic motivation
- to experience stimulation
  • For the intense feelings I experience when I am communicating my own ideas to others.
  • For the pleasure that I experience when I read interesting authors.
  • For the pleasure that I experience when I feel completely absorbed by what certain authors have written.
  • For the "high" feeling that I experience while reading about various interesting subjects.

Behaviors are initiated through the students own volition for the purpose of their own satisfaction of engaging in a stimulating learning situation.

Extrinsic motivation
– identified
  • Because I think that a college education will help me better prepare for the career I have chosen.
  • Because eventually it will enable me to enter the job market in a field that I like.
  • Because this will help me make a better choice regarding my career orientation.
  • Because I believe that a few additional years of education will improve my competence as a worker.

Behaviors are initiated through the students own volition, but are for extrinsic reasons.

Extrinsic motivation
– introjected
  • To prove to myself that I am capable of completing my college degree.
  • Because of the fact that when I succeed in college I feel important.
  • To show myself that I am an intelligent person.
  • Because I want to show myself that I can succeed in my studies.

Behaviors are initiated because to avoid internal conflict.

Extrinsic motivation
- external regulation
  • Because with only a high-school degree I would not find a high-paying job later on.
  • In order to obtain a more prestigious job later on.
  • Because I want to have "the good life" later on.
  • In order to have a better salary later on.

Behaviors that commence because of an external reason.

Amotivation
  • Honestly, I don't know; I really feel that I am wasting my time in school.
  • I once had good reasons for going to college; however, now I wonder whether I should continue.
  • I can't see why I go to college and frankly, I couldn't care less.
  • I don't know; I can't understand what I am doing in school.

Behaviors are not initiated because there is no level of intrinsic or extrinsic motivation.